Documentaries on Eastern Europe

Eastern European documentaries

Title: THE TRAFFICKING OF ALBANIA'S CHILDREN
Code: VENGTRAF01A, 01B
Format: VHS Year: 2002

TAC: 24 min/TAC2: 13 min., English. Courtesy of UNICEF. The video investigates the complex and disturbing phenomenon of child trafficking in Albania. Through in-depth interviews with "Anila" and other trafficked children, viewers learn how children from impoverished Albanian families are sent abroad by their own parents, who can see few other ways of making an income. "Anila" is only fifteen, but she has travelled back and forth between Greece and her hometown in Albania more times than she can remember. By telling their own stories children lead us on a journey across the mountains from Albania to cities of Greece where they attempt to make a living on the streets. Along the way we meet the committed individuals and organizations that are dedicated to helping the children return to Albania and rebuild their lives. While some of these children are reintegrating into their home communities, many more continue to venture out on journeys that end in sexual exploitation and violence in a foreign country. TAC is the television reportage version, while TAC2 is advocacy version.


 

Title: ATTRACTIVE HISTORY OF LITHUANIA
Code: DENGATTR01A
Format: CD-ROM Year: 2007

803 min. English. Produced by the Vilnius Pedagogical University & Vilnius Art Academy. A series of CD-ROM that explain the political, social, and art history of Lithuania through short lectures full of pictures. CD I: (228 min.) The political history of Lithuania from Lithuania’s foundation on July 6, 1253 to its restored independence in 1991 is explained in 30 stories. CD II: (203 min.) This CD examines the development of art in Lithuania from prehistoric times to postmodernism after 1990 in 24 short stories. CD III: (372 min.) The 35 stories represent four aspects of Lithuanian social history: the organization of society on the cultural, ethnic, and territorial basis; governance and self-governance; religion and self-expression; and countries and nations in Lithuanian history.


Title: THE BALTIC TRAGEDY
Code: DMULBLTC01A, VRUSBALT01A
Format: VHS Year: 1949/1985

148 min., German and Russian with English subtitles. Hitler's war on Russia is graphically portrayed in eleven original German wartime newsreels. The northern sector of the German's eastern front, where ferocious battles were fought in Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and Finland, is featured. Four additional international documentaries - including a Soviet one - present a well-rounded picture of the tragic plight of the Baltic people's during World War II.


Title: DESTINATION: LITHUANIA
Code: VENGDEST01A
Format: VHS Year: 1992

21 min. English. Produced by the Peace Corps. Destination: Lithuania explores the impact of Lithuania’s independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 through the lives of students, their communities, and Peace Corps Volunteers living in these communities. Activity guide accompanies video with materials written for three grade levels: 3-5, 6-9, and 10-12.


Title: ESTONIA: A TALE OF TWO NATIONS
Code: VENGESTO01A
Format: VHS Year: 1990

45 min., English. Produced by Paul Lwoff & Don North. This film is an informative profile of the continual struggle for freedom in Estonia, the smallest republic in the USSR. The video recounts Estonia’s path towards independence as the tri-color replaces the red Estonian Socialist flag, and pro and anti-Russian demonstrators face off at the Estonian Parliament. Interviews with the Estonian prime minister, politicians of all persuasions, economists, journalists, and veterans along with archival footage provide background and context.


Title: EXPANDING EUROPE: ESTONIA AND THE EUROPEAN UNION
Code: VENGEXPA07A
Format: VHS Year: 2000

25 min., English. Produced by Deutsche Welle. Committed to swift national reform, Estonia is retooling itself into a free trade-driven parliamentary democracy. This program examines the economic, environmental, and judicial challenges facing the small but dynamic Baltic country in its efforts to become eligible for membership in the E.U. Fiscal and monetary policies, pollution, and legal reform are high on the agenda, as Estonia's young visionaries pursue strategic partnerships abroad while tackling domestic issues such as more fully integrating the country's ethnic Russians. The comments of Prime Minister Mart Siimann rounds out the program.


Title: GOD'S MOTHER IS THE MORNING STAR: THE LIFE AND ART OF JOSEPH MENDER
Code: VENGGODS01A
Format: VHS Year: 1990

29 min., English. Directed by Karen Taussig-Lux and Peter Biella. A documentary video about a 92-year-old Lithuanian immigrant, Joseph Mender, living in upstate New York. The film, created by a professional American folklorist with the support of the New York Folklife Council, documents Mender's biography including activism in the American labor movement, his traditional art (carved canes and elaborate colored icon-like pictures), and a mythological worldview inherited from his traditional upbringing in Lithuania.


Title: KOVNO GHETTO: A BURIED HISTORY
Code: VENGKOVN01A
Format: VHS Year: 1997

100 min., Narrated by Sir Martin Gilbert. Directed by Herbert Krosney. This video pieces together the story of the Jews of Kovno from the first stirrings of war to the annihilation of the ghetto just days before the city's liberation. Eighteen survivors, including photographer Zvi Kaushin, tell their harrowing stories for the first time.


Title: LOST LOST LOST
Code: VENGLOST01A
Format: VHS Year: 1949/1963

148 min., English. Directed by Jonas Mekas. Filmed in 1949-1963. Edited 1976. These six reels of Mekas’ film diaries come from the years 1949-1963. They begin with his arrival in New York in November 1949. The first and second reels deal with his life as a young poet and a Displaced Person in Brooklyn. It shows the Lithuanian immigrant community, their attempts to adapt themselves to a new land and their tragic efforts to regain independence for their native country. It shows Mekas’ own anxieties and frustrations and the decision to leave Brooklyn and move to Manhattan. Reel three and reel four deal with author’s life in Manhattan on Orchard street and east 13th Street. In sum, the period Mekas is dealing with in these six reels was a period of desperation, and attempts desperately to grow roots into the new ground, and create new memories.


Title: The Lost Wooden Synagogues of Eastern Europe

Code: VENGLSTW01A

Format: VHS Year: 2000

Before World War II, more than a thousand wooden synagogues dotted the shtetls of Eastern Europe. Many had stood for centuries, testaments to the craftsmanship and faith of the Jewish communities in the region. For decades, the world believed all these structures were lost. Then, a few years ago, a team from Hebrew University discovered six of these structures in Lithuania. Albert Barry has been fascinated by the synagogues for much of his adult life. Last year, Barry travelled to Lithuania and Latvia with a film crew to document these few remaining examples. While there he and his crew discovered four more synagogues. The film tells the story of the synagogues, the life that surrounded them before the war and what has happened to them in the last fifty years.


Title: ONE WORLD: THE BALTIC STATES
Code: VENGONEW01A
Format: VHS Year: 1997

approx 60 min., English. A PBS documentary by Ward Television Corporation. A documentary on the post-Soviet Baltic States, presenting multiple views on current issues: the Soviet heritage, historical memories, ethnic minorities, business developments. Interviews include the President of Estonia, US Ambassador to Latvia, the Rector of Vilnius University and other national and international leaders, scholars, and cultural figures.


Title: REMINISCENCES OF A JOURNEY TO LITHUANIA
Code: VENGREMI01A
Format: VHS Year: 1971

82 min., English. Directed by Jonas Mekas. This diary film begins with footage shot by Mekas in New York in the early 1950's. Then a trip back to his native Lithuanian village in 1971 shows his reaction to the changes experienced by his homeland. Finally a sequence shot at the camp where Mekas was interned during the war and a trip to Austria end this poetic film experience.


 

Title: THE SURVIVORS: CAMP TALES
Code: DBULSURV01A
Format: DVD Year: 1990

60 min., Bulgarian with English subtitles. Directed by Atanas Kiriakov. The 20th Century created two monsters: fascism and communism. While no sane person would dare to defend fascism, many would still justify communism, a system that killed over 100 million people worldwide. In 1944, communism was forcefully introduced in Bulgaria. Overnight, terror followed, and thousands of people were murdered or sent to labor camps for being wealthy, educated, skilled, politically “dangerous”, or for no pretext whatsoever. There they became victims of fierce, indescribable cruelty. Many died or had their spirits crushed. Some managed to survive: these are their stories.


 

Title: AFTER THE VELVET REVOLUTION
Code: VENGAFTE01A
Format: VHS Year: 1993

58 min., English. Directed by Tom Weidlinger. This PBS broadcast provides a first-hand look at the reality of what happened to the people of the former Czechoslovakia in the first three years of democracy. The film follows the lives of five different families and individuals.


Title: THE BEAUTIES OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA
Code: VENGBEAU02A, 08A, 12A
Format: VHS Year: 1991

Three-video series.

  • VIDEO 2: Krivoklat: 30 min. This is a short tour of the castle Krivoklat located just west of Prague.
  • VIDEO 8: Prague, The Royal Rout: 30 min. A tour of the royal route of the capital city of the Czech Republic.
  • VIDEO 12: The Castle of Prague: 30 min. A journey, through the castle of Prague.

Title: BORN OUT OF DARKNESS
Code: VOL, in REEI faculty collection
Format: DVD Year: 2005

2005, 58 min., English. Directed by Bronislava Volkova. A multimedia performance of poetry, art, music, and expressive movement, Born Out of Darkness is a series of nine collages set to poetry.


Title: CITIZEN VACLAV HAVEL GOES ON VACATION
Code: DCZECITI01A
Format: DVD Year: 2006

77 min., English and Czech with English Subtitles. Directed by Jan and Adam Novak. Before he became president after the Velvet Revolution, Vaclav Havel—playwright, essayist, intellectual—was a leading dissident, repeatedly jailed by the communist government. This extraordinary documentary by novelist/screenwriter/filmmaker Jan Novak and Adam Novak recreates with irony a little-known episode in Havel’s life as a dissident: the decision to test the limits of the secret police by taking an extended “vacation” to visit his friends all over Czechoslovakia. The result is a riveting—and often humorous—journey into the soul of a brave individual who faces totalitarianism with an open heart.


Title: CZECH DREAM
Code: DCZECZEC01A
Format: DVD Year: 2007

88 min., Czech with English subtitles. Directed by Vít Klusák and Filip Remunda. Czech Dream is a funny and provocative look at the effects of rampant consumerism on post-Communist Czechoslovakia. Two Czech film students decided to explore the manipulative powers of consumerism on post-Communist Czechoslovakia by creating a marketing campaign for a super store that didn't exist. For two weeks, the streets of Prague were saturated with advertising for Czech Dream—a fake super store. The ads, created by a highly regarded ad agency, proclaimed, "Don't Go, Don't Rush, Don't Spend" and were everywhere—in newspapers, on buses, and on the radio. On the day of the grand opening, over 4000 people showed up and attacked the filmmakers when the found out it was all a hoax.


Title: THE PILOT GUIDE TO THE CZECH REPUBLIC AND SOUTHERN POLAND
Code: VENGPILO01A
Format: VHS Year: 2002

50 min., English. Produced by Pilot Guides. Traveler Justine Shapiro starts her journey in the Czech capital of Prague. Traveling north through Teplice she visits the beautiful spa town of Karlovy. After spending the night in a medieval castle she crosses the border into Poland where she visits the historic city of Krakow. She ends her journey in Zahopane and the beautiful Tatras mountains.


Title: CZECH WOMEN: NOW WE ARE FREE
Code: VENGCZEC01A
Format: VHS Year: 1993

60 min. Directed by Zuzana Justman. The peaceful "Velvet Revolution" of November 1989, which put an end to decades of communist rule in Czechoslovakia, has led to a remarkable transformation of people's day-to-day lives. This documentary profiles a variety of Czech women--a rock singer, a factory worker, a private farmer, the wife of a former Communist Party leader, and the owner of a small business, among others--to show the ways their lives are changing. Relations with men, family life under communism, the influence of Western feminism, a sudden end to government censorship, the demands of career and family--their candid discussion of these and many other issues reflect the difficulties and rewards of a newly democratic society.


Title: ENTERING LIGHT
Code: VOL, in REEI faculty collection
Format: DVD Year: 2003

61 min., English. Directed by Bronislava Volkova. A multimedia performance of poetry, art, music, and expressive movement, Entering Light is a series of eight collages set to poetry.


Title: EXPANDING EUROPE: THE CZECH REPUBLIC AND THE EUROPEAN UNION
Code: VENGEXPA06A
Format: VHS Year: 2000

25 min., English. Produced by Deutsche Welle. Since the Velvet Revolution, the western portion of what used to be Czechoslovakia has set its sights on integrating its economy into world markets. Using profiles of car manufacturer Skoda, brewery Pilsner Urquell, and up-and-coming fashion designer Klara Nademlynska, this program assesses the Czech Republic's assets and liabilities as it moves toward joining the ranks of the European Union. It is hoped that E.U. membership will help stabilize the economy, but can challenges such as the environmental remediation of the Black Triangle and the integration of the republic's Roma (Gypsy) minority be met in time?


Title: Karlovy Vary

Code: VENGKARL01A

Format: VHS Year: Unknown

A short documentary on a city in a Bohemian valley of the Czech Republic where the present meets the past in medicinal waters. 


Title: ORATORIO FOR PRAGUE
Code: DENGORAT01A, VENGORAT01A
Format: VHS Year: 1990

26 min., English. Written by Jan Nemec. One of the most powerful documentaries ever made: Jan Nemec's unique document of the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. The only filmed record of the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, the raw footage of Oratorio for Prague, became the first information that the Soviet Army had not been “invited” in. The firlm also includes never-before-seen scenes from the Prague Spring before the invasion.


Title: THE POWER OF THE POWERLESS
Code: DENGPOWE01A
Format: DVD Year: 2009

78 min., English. Directed by Gory Taylor. Narrated by Academy Award winner Jeremy Irons, "The Power of the Powerless" explores Czechoslovakia's legacy of communist rule and the struggle against it: From the iron-fisted Stalinist government of the 1950s; through the vibrant and politically active Prague Spring of the 1960s; the hard-line backlash of the 1970s; and finally the bloodless revolution of 1989. At the heart of the film is the story of blacklisted playwright Václav Havel and his fellow dissidents who, for two decades, spoke out against totalitarianism. The film culminates with the student-led movement in Prague, which sparked 1989’s Velvet Revolution and drew a half-million people into the streets, catapulting Václav Havel into the presidency. The documentary features rare and never-before-seen interviews with key figures of the Velvet Revolution including Václav Havel. The participation of young Czechs in the film, who reveal that much of their country’s recent history has already been forgotten, makes the film all the more pertinent for young viewers. Directed by Primetime Emmy Award winner Cory Taylor and completed in 2009, "The Power of the Powerless" has already been broadcast in 40 countries on 10 television networks, featured in 20 international film festivals, won multiple awards, and is currently being used by human rights organizations to encourage dissidents struggling in non-democratic countries including Burma.


Title: PRAGUE '68: SUMMER OF TANKS
Code: DCZEPRGS01A, VCZEPRAG01A
Format: VHS Year: 1968/2001

37 min., Czech with English subtitles. An amazing piece of cinema verité, Prague '68 features raw footage of Soviet troops invading Czechoslovakia and the resistance from Czech youth and workers. It was filmed by a number of Czechoslovakian cameramen, shooting undercover and on the run, on whatever 16mm film they could lay their hands on. The footage was subsequently smuggled out of the country and assembled by a production team in Paris. From the early '70s to 1987, this movie was believed lost, but it was recovered by a Philadelphia antiques salvager. It is a vital record of one of the definitive episodes of the Cold War, capturing the brute force and incomprehension of the Soviet occupiers and the shock, anger and courage of the Czech people. Restored by International Historic Films Inc.


Title: PRAGUE SPRING
Code: VENGPRAG01A
Format: VHS Year: 1999

29 min., English. In 1968 Alexander Dubcek’s attempt to liberalize Communist rule in Czechoslovakia and to create “socialism with a human face” resulted in Soviet tanks in the streets of Prague. This program presents both the political détente Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev's position and the dissent expressed within the Warsaw Pact alliance. In addition to extensive archival footage, contemporary interviews with leading Dubcek opponent Vasil Bilák; Jirí Pelikán, Czech radio director-general; Eduard Goldstüker of the Czech Writers’ Union; Izestia correspondent Vladlen Krivosheyev; Grigori Yashkin, retired Soviet Army general; and Werner Mantzsch, GDR Army political officer, provide insights that reveal the dissent within the Eastern Bloc countries in the 1960s.


Title: THE SWEET CENTURY: WOMEN WHO DEFIED A COMMUNIST DICTATORSHIP
Code: VENGSWEE01A
Format: VHS Year: 1998

58 min., English. Directed by Helena Trestikova. Not much is known in the West of opposition to the communist dictatorship that swept central Europe after World War II. This portrait of several women who endured harsh imprisonment for their beliefs is a tribute to their strength, as well as their support of one another. Their stories of the horrors of communist prisons are intercut with propaganda films and archival footage. Awarded Best Documentary, Karlovy Vary International Film Festival, 1998.


Title: TOMORROW WILL BE BETTER? (Gender Montage, Paradigms in Post Soviet Space)
Code: VENGTOMO01A
Format: VHS Year: 2003

English. Directed by Monika Juozapaviciute.The stories of four women from different sectors of society are woven together to make a collective portrait of the Lithuanian woman, who has had to adapt to radically new conditions since transition. An unemployed actress fights against depression after losing her beloved work. A resilient saleswoman takes up any job from selling items purchased abroad to organizing a dating service. A woman farmer courageously tries to keep her farm afloat. A political scientist from Vilnius is apparently the only one who’s had no trouble making the transition from being a part of the Soviet elite to being a part of the elite of an independent Lithuania.


Title: THE UNSEEN
Code: DCZEUNSE01A
Format: DVD Year: 1996

53 min., Color, English subtitles. Directed by Miroslav Janek. At a school for the blind, the students exuberantly show off their remarkable talents as musicians, as radio announcers, as daredevil bicyclists, and most unexpected of all, as photographers. Why take pictures of a world you can’t see? To experience the world in a new way. In this extraordinary, intimate, and often funny documentary about how blind children view the world, the brilliant Czech filmmaker Miroslav Janek opens a window into their lives. Janek points his camera at those who are often misunderstood or ignored. Here, he gives voice to the marginalized, challenging our assumptions of the status quo and what it means to be part of society. The Unseen is a charming and intimate portrait of blind students, their resilience and creativity, showing them as both ordinary and extraordinary because of and in spite of their blindness.


Title: WE DON'T WANT TO LIVE ON OUR KNEES
Code: VENGWEDO01A
Format: VHS Year: 1988

20 min., English. Part of the History in Action Series. This documentary examines the Czechoslovak 1968 experiment in "Socialism with a human face." Alexander Dubcek's relaxation of control, the organization of alternative political parties, the sudden about-face of Soviet foreign policy, and the invasion and subjugation of the Czechoslovakia are all closely examined in this program.


 

Title: BEYOND OUR BORDERS: HUNGARY
Code: DENGBEYO01A
Format: DVD Year: 2005

30 min., English. Produced by New Cultural Geography Series. A new cultural geography series geared toward teaching students about the geography and history of the world's major countries. Helps students understand other peoples' environments, values, and significant historical contributions. The DVD also features maps that clarify geographical data such as a country's global location, major regions, and important cities. Here one can see not only the beautiful capital city on the Danube, but also the Hungarian "Riviera" on Lake Balaton, the medieval city of Pecs, the porcelain factory of Zsolnay, and csikos cowboys on the Great Plain. Designed for grades 6-10 and comes with lesson plans.


Title: HUNGARY: PUSHING THE LIMITS
Code: VENGHUNG01A
Format: VHS Year: 1986

60 min. English. Produced by PBS Video. This program follows a return visit to Hungary by a Hungarian exile, now a U.S. citizen, who fled his native land in 1956 after taking part in the uprising there. As he retraces his part in the battle against the Hungarian Communist government, he encounters modern Hungarians who allow the viewer an insight into the country today.


Title: THE HUNGARIAN UPRISING: 1956
Code: VENGHNGR01A
Format: VHS Year: 1993

12 min. English. Produced by Films for the Humanities & Social Sciences. This program shows the aftermath of Imre Nagy's announcement that Hungary was withdrawing from the Warsaw pact. This pronunciation led to a Soviet invasion in which the Soviets crushed the uprising. Thousands of Hungarians were killed and 150,000 fled the country.


Title: THE LAST DAYS
Code: DENGLAST01A
Format: DVD Year: 1997

87 min., English. Produced by Steven Spielberg. An emotionally powerful look at one of the darkest periods in human history, this unforgettable documentary shares the stories of five survivors of Hitler's brutal war on Hungarian Jews during the last months of World War II. This horrific and senseless final assault of the Nazi regime tore families apart and subjected its victims to unimaginable torture and death. Fifty years after their liberation, the survivors return to their hometowns and the concentration camps that took so many of their loved ones. Presented by the Shoah Foundation and Steven Spielberg. Academy Award winner for Best Documentary Feature.


Title: VILLAGE LIFE & MUSIC IN HUNGARY
Code: VENGVILL01A
Format: VHS Year: 1992

27 min., English. Produced by A-Fm Recordings. This video provides scenes from Budapest and surrounding villages, a Transdanubian village named Sarpilis, the Csangos, and the shepard’s world of the Great Hungarian Plain. Life in Hungarian villages is portrayed through folk songs and instrumental music played on the notched flute furulya, the bagpipe duda, and the zither. A special feature takes place in the gypsy village of Lake Balaton, where musicians play gypsy tunes and Hungarian folk-song melodies on the concert harp.


 

Title: BEYOND OUR BORDERS: POLAND
Code: DENGBEYO02A
Format: DVD Year: 2005

30 min., English. Produced by New Cultural Geography Series. A new cultural geography series geared toward teaching students about the geography and history of the world's major countries. Helps students understand other peoples' environments, values, and significant historical contributions. The DVD also features maps that clarify geographical data such as a country's global location, major regions, and important cities. Here one can see how Warsaw, the capital city of Poland, is being restored, or how Krakow and Gdansk show off the country's rich culture. Strong Roman Catholic roots are seen in the Black Madonna pilgrimages, Auschwitz reveals darker aspects of history, while pristine natural areas such as the Tatras Mountains show Poland's variety and vitality.


Title: CITIZENS
Code: VENGCITI01A, VENGCITI01B
Format: VHS Year: 2002

58 min., English. Directed by Richard Adams. This video portrays human dimensions of Poland’s Solidarity movement in 1980-81 that were obscured by Cold-War rhetoric: the efforts of workers, artists and intellectuals who joined together to create a thriving civil society within a totalitarian state. Solidarity activists describe how they learned that to protect their own interests they had to fight for the interests of Polish society as a whole. Their self-governing trade union won the trust and support of virtually all segments of society by providing the only available channel for the local grass-roots initiatives, open debate, and democratic action that ultimately led to non-violent systemic change in Poland and beyond.


Title: DESTINATION: POLAND
Code: VENGDEST02A
Format: VHS Year: 1993

16 min., English. Produced by the Peace Corps. The goal of the guide and video is to present basic information on the geography of Poland; political and economic changes currently taking place; and to introduce to aspects of Polish culture: history and symbols. Activity guide accompanies video with materials written for three grade levels: 3-5, 6-9, and 10-12.


Title: EXPANDING EUROPE: POLAND AND THE EUROPEAN UNION
Code: VENGEXPA05A
Format: VHS Year: 2000

25 min., English. Produced by Deutsche Welle. In this program, a diverse cross-section of Poles ranging from President Aleksander Kwasiniewski to laborers, farmers, and students talk about Poland's preparations for entry into the European Union. While the construction and shipbuilding industries are especially optimistic, other groups - most notably the power generation industry and farmers - are less so, citing concerns over meeting E.U. standards while dealing with layoffs and rising debt. Improved relations between Poles and ethnic Germans and the issue of restitution of or compensation for property confiscated from Jews during World War II are also addressed.


Title: FAR FROM POLAND
Code: DENGFARF01A
Format: DVD Year: 1984

106 min., English. Directed by Jill Godmilow. In 1984, Jill Godmilow set out to make a film about the Solidarity movement. When denied visas to shoot in Poland, she re-invented the documentary form by constructing a film entirely in New York City. Over the barest bones of documentary footage, she drapes re-enactments of interviews from the era, fictional letters from General Jaruzelski, formal vignettes, jokes, swatches of soap opera, and late night phone calls with Fidel Castro to probe the paradox of a workers’ movement up against a workers’ state.


Title: A FORCE MORE POWERFUL: POLAND "WE'VE CAUGHT GOD BY THE ARM"
Code: DENGAFOR01A, VENGAFOR01A
Format: VHS Year: 2000

31 min., English. Produced by Films for the Humanities & Sciences. This program tells the story of how nonviolent power overcame oppression and authoritarian rule in Poland. In August 1980, workers at the Gdansk shipyard went on strike. Their main demand, free trade unions, was unprecedented in a country where communist party supremacy did not allow the existence of any independent organizations. Lech Walesa, a wily 37-year-old electrician, was the chief negotiator for the workers, who avoided the mistakes of earlier strikes by maintaining strict nonviolent discipline - and by occupying their shipyard, to deter a violent crackdown by authorities. The strike quickly spread to factories and workers throughout the country, magnifying their leverage. Their persistence paid off as government granted most of their demands. A new union was born named "Solidarity."


Title: IMAGE BEFORE MY EYES
Code: VENGIMAG01A, DENGIMGB01A
Format: VHS, DVD Year: 1981

90 min., English. Directed by Josh Waletsky and produced by YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. Prior to World War II, Jewish Poland was a rich civilization, the largest and most important center of Jewish culture and creativity in the world. This remarkable documentary about Polish Jewry in the decades that preceded the Second World War utilizes a skillful mixture of rare film footage, memorabilia, photographs, music and interviews to portray a rich and varied way of life. The "old world" romanticized in folk literature is made quite real in this memorable film. The film is about rich and poor; the religious and secular; the shtetl and city; the worldly and the provincial.


Title: ISAAC BASHEVIS SINGER
Code: VENGISAA01A
Format: VHS Year: 1985

28 min., English. This documentary portrays the life and work of Isaac Singer, Polish Jew and author. In 1978 Singer received the Nobel Prize for Literature "for his impassioned narrative art which, with roots in Polish-Jewish cultural tradition, brought universal human conditions to life." Though he emigrated to America in 1935 (at the age of 31), Singer wrote most of his works in Yiddish for the New York paper the Jewish Daily Forward. Singer's influence spans many cultures and nations, from Jewish communities across the globe, to local communities in both Poland and the United States.


Title: LODZ GHETTO
Code: DENGLODZ01A, VENGLODZ01A
Format: VHS Year: 1992

120 min. Produced by the Jewish Heritage Project. This film chronicles the besieged and doomed city in Poland which held the second largest concentration of Jews in Nazi Europe. The lives and stories of the 200,000 Jews who were trapped in the Ghetto are told solely with authentic writings from secret journals, archival photographs and footage shot by German soldiers.


Title: NOTHING TO LOSE
Code: VENGNOTH01A
Format: VHS Year: 1990

58 min. Produced by Charles Sheiner. The filmmaker traveled throughout Poland in late 1988, where he gained access to Solidarity wildcat strikers, young people, and underground activists. His lively video journal portrays these ordinary, thoughtful people, who stood up to oppression and forced the Polish government to negotiate for democracy. Nothing to Lose documents a crucial moment in history from the perspective of those who helped make it. In exclusive footage, the filmmaker captured a dramatic confrontation between police and demonstrators, as well as a courtyard conversation with Lech Walesa. Nothing to Lose is liberally spiced with music of the Polish opposition, for the folksy songs of Solidarity workers to the hard-edged sounds of rock musicians.


Title: POLAND--THE MORNING AFTER
Code: VENGPOLN01A
Format: VHS Year: 1984

60 min., English. Produced by PBS. Poland was the first to astonish the world when the once-outlawed independent trade union Solidarity took power in a new coalition government and change from communism to capitalism. But the people of Poland discovered that overnight the price of bread and gasoline had doubled, train tickets tripled, and electricity quadrupled. FRONTLINE examines the new phenomenal pressures on Poland's young democratic government and the consequences of its crash economic reform program.


Title: POLAND: THE NEWS IN UNIFORM
Code: VENGPOLA01A
Format: VHS Year: 1982

30 min. English. Produced by Inside Story. Martial law in Poland has dealt a blow to the free flow of information in that country. INSIDE STORY examines journalism in the present situation in Poland compared to the relative freedom reporters enjoyed for sixteen months under Solidarity.


Title: SETTLEMENT
Code: DENGSETT01A
Format: DVD Year: 2008

55 min., English, Polish, & Hebrew with English subtitles. Directed by Marian Marzynski. Twelve years after the release of his landmark film Shtetl, Emmy Award-winning director Marian Marzynski, a pioneer of European cinéma-vérité, returns to one of his favorite subjects—the mystery of survival during the Holocaust. The most recent of Marzynski’s critically-lauded autobiographical films, Settlement benefits from the director’s high personal approach to filmmaking. A welcome discovery draws Marzynski back to Poland, to the shtetl house of the Kushner family. Sixty years after the Holocaust, Marzynski explores what became of the few Kushner survivors. Traveling to Poland, the United States, Israel, and a West Bank settlement, Marzynski visits the past—his past—but arrives at the future, to a family he never knew existed.


Title: THERE ONCE WAS A TOWN
Code: VENGTHER01A
Format: VHS Year: 2000

90 min., English. Directed and Produced by Jeffery Bieber. In 1941, the German army invaded the small town of Eishyshok, Poland (now Lithuania) and brutally murdered nearly all 3,500 residents. Fifty-six years after the massacre, There Once Was a Town chronicles the remarkable journey of four of the town's survivors and their families as they return home. Edward Asner, a descendant of an Eishyshok family, narrates the film.


Title: VISIONS OF WAR: BATTLE FOR WARSAW
Code: VENGVISI01A
Format: VHS Year: 1988

50 min. English. This outstanding documentary traces the tragic story of the Warsaw Uprising of 1944, which cost the lives of almost 250,000 Poles. Armed with only homemade or captured weapons and outnumbered more than three to one, the citizens of Warsaw held out for over two months against the German forces, struggling to liberate their capital before the Russians came.Although the Red Army was only ten miles away when the uprising began, Stalin delayed the capture of Warsaw. The film contains rare archival material and eyewitness accounts.


Title: THE WARSAW FILE
Code: VENGWARS01A
Format: VHS Year: 1983

30 min. English. Produced by PBS Video. The continuing story of Poland and its struggle for freedom are the focus of this INSIDE STORY as viewers get a closer look at the daily problems American correspondents face as they try to cover Polish national events.


Title: THE WARSAW GHETTO UPRISING
Code: VENGWRSW01A
Format: VHS Year: 1997

49 min. English. Produced by Films for the Humanities & Sciences. This program details the 1943 Polish uprising against the Nazis in the Warsaw ghetto. More than fifty years later, five of the surviving Polish "freedom fighters" provide an eyewitness account of the uprising. Archival footage is mixed with their story to enhance their descriptions.


Title: IMAGE BEFORE MY EYES
Code: IMA-D
Format: DVD Year: 1992

90 min., English. Directed by Josh Waletsky and produced by YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. Prior to World War II, Jewish Poland was a rich civilization, the largest and most important center of Jewish culture and creativity in the world. This remarkable documentary about Polish Jewry in the decades that preceded the Second World War utilizes a skillful mixture of rare film footage, memorabilia, photographs, music and interviews to portray a rich and varied way of life. The "old world" romanticized in folk literature is made quite real in this memorable film. The film is about rich and poor; the religious and secular; the shtetl and city; the worldly and the provincial.


Title: PARTISANS OF VILNA
Code: DENGPART01A
Format: DVD Year: 1986

130 min., English and Hebrew w/English subtitles. Directed by Josh Waletsky. Recounting how a commando unit was formed under tremendous risk to conduct sabotage missions against the Nazis, the film explores the moral dilemmas facing the Jewish youth who organized an underground resistance in the Vilna Ghetto and fought as partisans in the woods against the Third Reich. More than just a record of great historical importance, Partisans of Vilna is an intensely stirring and uplifting commemoration of heroes during the darkest of times.


 

Title: CHILDREN UNDERGROUND
Code: DROMCHIL01A
Format: DVD Year: 2001

104 min, Romanian with English subtitles. Directed by Edet Belzberg. A shocking look at the lives of homeless children in Bucharest, Romania, whose lives consist of begging, inhalant drug use, and living in subway tunnels. The film examines the political and social conditions that led to these troubling conditions.


Title: KAPITALISM: OUR IMPROVED FORMULA
Code: DROMKAPI01A
Format: DVD Year: 2010

170 min. Solomon invites Ceausescu to revisit Romania, 20 years after his execution. The dictator discovers how capitalism emerged in the Wild East, often deeply rooted in its communist past. The film offers incredible access to top magnates – at home, in their minds – building a bitter-sweet portrait of a new ruling class. Capitalism with a K – an Eastern European cocktail of power and money.


Title: LAST JEWS OF RADAUTI (SONG OF RADAUTI)
Code: VENGLAST01A
Format: VHS Year: 1978

28 min., English. Directed by Laurence Salzmann. In this film study of Jews in a small Rumanian town, we meet members of this dwindling community, including the rabbi and shokhet. Observed are the intimate expressions of Jewish life, preparing for the Sabbath, making challah, immersions in the mikveh.


Title: PASAREA COLIBRI-- 10 ANI (The Humming Bird-- 10 years)
Code: DROMHUMM01A
Format: DVD-PAL Year: 2003

A collection of performances by Romanian musicians.


Title: VIDEOGRAMS OF A REVOLUTION
Code: VROMVIDE01A
Format: VHS Year: 1992

107 min, Romanian with English subtitles. Directed by Harun Farocki and Andrej Ujica History takes place before our eyes as the Romanian government of Nicolai Ceausescu topples. In ten tense days during December 1989 a popular rebellion overthrew the government executed the ruler and occupied the television network. Factions of the rebellion broadcast these events continuously for 120 hours. In Videograms of a Revolution controversial German director Harun Farocki (As You See; How to Live in the Federal Republic of Germany) teams up with Andrej Ujica to condense and shape over 125 hours of amateur and professional video into a document that concisely chronicles the fall of Ceausescu. The result is a unique documentary in which media spectacle was turned into history and then history turned into drama. As chilling as Eisenstein's October.


Title: WHEN PROPAGANDA RULED: NICOLAE CEAUSESCU, "KING OF COMMUNISM"
Code: DENGWHEN01A
Format: DVD Year: 2004

60 min. Directed and Produced by Ben Lewis. Life in Romania during the regime of Nicolae Ceausescu was at once tragic and absurd as the nation's head of state erected a cult of personality that literally turned his country into a stage show. Tapping Ceausescu's video archives and drawing on interviews with many of the talented people who made Ceausescu's political theater come to life, this program examines the creation and application of propaganda within the context of Romanian political history during the 1960s, '70s, and '80s. Ceausescu scripted an epic with himself as the star, but others wrote the inevitable denouement that brought down the curtain on him and his wife, Elena, a "scientist of world renown."


Title: ACROSS THE FOREST
Code: DROMACRO01A
Format: DVD Year: 2009

79 min., Romanian with English subtitles. Directed by Justin Blair and Matthew Vincent. In the mountains of Transylvania, ancient beliefs in the supernatural can still be found. These beliefs are quickly dying out as the world modernizes around the tiny villages of the Carpathians. Two American filmmakers journey across the forest to collect stories of vampires, werewolves and forest spirits. Through conversations with Romanian villagers, the filmmakers take the viewer on a bizarre journey into the supernatural beliefs of a world that is rarely glimpsed and will never be seen again. Presented here is the living folklore that haunts the collective imagination of Transylvania. See for yourself the tiny villages and ancient customs of this little known corner of the world. Devoid of reenactments and sensationalism, this documentary proves that fact can be stranger than fiction.


 

Title: SLOVAK SUNSHINE: THE SIGHTS AND SOUNDS OF SLOVAKIA
Code: VENGSLOV01A
Format: VHS

60 min., English. Directed by Ed Konecnik. An emigre look at Slovakia. Not recommended for academic use.


 

Title: EXPANDING EUROPE: SLOVENIA AND THE EUROPEAN UNION
Code: VENGEXPA03A
Format: VHS Year: 2000

25 min. Produced by Films for the Humanities & Sciences. Geographically perceived as part of the Balkans, Slovenia is striving for statehood in the E.U. in the hope of differentiating itself from its bellicose neighbors. This program describes Slovenia, a politically stable democracy on a sound financial footing, as a special case among E.U. applicants. The country's record of respecting the rights of its ethnic minorities and its prime location as an economic gateway to southeastern Europe are points in its favor, although the country's low agricultural output and difficult transition to industrial privatization may become stumbling blocks. Observations by Foreign Minister Boris Frlec are included.


Title: LAIBACH
Code: VENGLAIB01A
Format: VHS Year: 1993

60 min. Directed by Daniel Landin and Chris Bohn. Regimes have fallen all across Europe and the Soviet Union. Laibach's music, theater and art keep burning the enduring values lost to communist and capitalist states East and West. But their vision of Utopia as the exact negative of totalitarianism drew flak in ex-Yugoslavia, Europe and America and their challenging montages of totalitarian imagery and brute rock and disco rhythms aroused both anger and guilty pleasure. Paradoxically, the Laibach issue seeded the democratic debates that led to the declaration of Independent Slovenis, forcing their critics to revise their opinions of this most controversial group.


 

Title: AFTER THE WAR: LIFE POST-YUGOSLAVIA
Code: DENGAFTE01A
Format: DVD Year: 2008

152 min. A Million Movies a Minute presents nine compelling documentary shorts by filmmakers from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Netherlands, Serbia, and the USA. They examine the human costs of the war, rather than its politics, and have been recognized with numerous awards worldwide.


Title: BOSNIA: PEACE WITHOUT HONOR
Code: VENGBOSN01A
Format: VHS Year: 1998

40 min., English. Produced by the BBC. This program traces the roots of the Bosnian conflict through the 1992-1995 efforts of America's Cyrus Vance and Britain's David Owen to negotiate a lasting peace. Both diplomats expose the role of world powers in brokering, mediating, and at times, exacerbating the regional conflict. Owen attributes failures to establish an equitable regional government to the election of Bill Clinton and the resulting American policy shifts - particularly the placement of UN troops in strategic Serbian sites. A BBC Production.


Title: BOSNIA'S RITE OF RETURN
Code: VENGBSNI01A
Format: VHS Year: 1999

48 min. Produced by Films for the Humanities & Sciences. What is it like when tens of thousands of refugees return home from several years of exile to rebuild their lives? In this program, Muslim refugees from the village of Stolac describe the challenge of living with their wartime enemies; Croat refugeees, preparing to celebrate Easter, seek guidance from a clergy that is itself divided between a desire for reconciliation and a belief in racial supremacy; and Bosnia's major religous leaders in Sarajevo discuss the struggle to keep the nation''s multi-ethnic society alive.


Title: BRINGING DOWN A DICTATOR: THE FALL OF "SLOBO"
Code: VENGBRIN01A
Format: VHS Year: 2002

56 min. Directed and produced by Steve York. On October 6, 2000, Slobodan Miloševic conceded the national election to Vojislav Koštunica, culminating an incredible campaign spearheaded by a student movement called Otpor!, Serbian for "resistance." Armed only with rock concerts and ridicule, the Internet and e-mail, spray-painted slogans and a willingness to be arrested, Otpor! students became the shock troops in an army of pro-democracy, anti-war, and opposition parties. This program chronicles Miloševic’s spectacular defeat, showing in detail how a broad-based coalition and nonviolent protest swept away a decade-long dictatorship. Documentary footage of the unfolding events is combined with interviews of the founding members of Otpor! and its chief architects.


Title: CASTING
Code: DMULCAST01A
Format: DVD-PAL Year: 2001

51 min. In English and Serbian with English subtitles. Directed by Goran Radovanovic. Sex, survival, Serbia, pantyhose.what do they have in common? The girls that came for a part in the pantyhose commercial with the slogan: THE MOST BEAUTIFUL LOOK IN EUROPE! PANTIES FOR EVERY OCCASION: EUROLOOK FINALLY IN SERBIA TOO! suddenly became protagonists of a documentary entitled CASTING!, reflecting the problems of transition societies.


Title: COLLATERAL DAMAGE: THE BALKANS AFTER NATO'S AIR WAR
Code: VENGCOLL01A
Format: VHS Year: 1999

53 min. Produced by Gary Dempsey and Aaron Lukas. Six months after NATO ended its air war against Yugoslavia, two of Washington's new breed of hands-on policy analysts, Gary Dempsey and Aaron Lukas, flew to the Balkans to document the "unintended consequences" of NATO's bombing campaign. Equipped with the latest in mini-digital camera technology, they traveled through the region, filming patrols in Kosovo cities where NATO troops are stationed, inspecting bombed-out industrial complexes in Serbia, and interviewing Macedonians, Romanians and Bulgarians who have suffered because of the war. Collateral Damage: The Balkans after NATO's Air War is a record of their findings.


Title: THE ETHNIC CLEANSERS AND THE CLEANSED: THE UNFORGIVING
Code: VENGETHN01A
Format: VHS Year: 1994

78 min. Produced by Films for the Humanities & Sciences. In Serb-held Eastern Bosnia, a Serbian couple desperately try to learn how their 11-year old son was murdered and where his remains might be. The program follows the inexorable process of human self-destruction - but there is no catharsis here, for we are observing not myth, but contemporary history. As this harrowing documentary makes clear, unspeakable grief in time becomes commonplace and atrocities are not the preserve of one side or another.


Title: FAREWELL BOSNIA
Code: VENGFARE01A
Format: VHS Year: 1995

19 min. Produced by Beth Cohen. An introduction to the war intended for young people. This film focusses on the lives of two teenage students who left their homes and families in Bosnia and came to the United States. They reflect on what it was like to live in the midst of a war, with the use of their home videos and other war footage.


Title: FRONTLINE: WAR IN EUROPE
Code: VENGFRON05A
Format: VHS Year: 1999

120 min. Frontline correspondent Peter Boyer undertakes an in-depth examination of the Balkan War. Senior military leaders including General Wesley Clark narrate the story of political constraints, internal divisions, and strategic miscalculations.


Title: HUMAN TRAGEDY: THE FACES OF KOSOVO WITH HARRY SMITH
Code: VENGHUMA01A
Format: VHS Year: 1998

50 min. "It's a sad moment for me. I never met a Serb Schindler." "When the police question you, there are no right answers-only beatings." "When the Serbs came, they burned our hearts like our homes." In this affecting video, CBS News correspondent Harry Smith visits ethnic Albanians driven from Kosovo and forced to live in tent camps inside Macedonia. Their stories, their voices reveal what it means to be a refugee, to hold the hope of someday going home, and to seek respite from memories crowded with pain. Concentrating on human stories instead of politics or global issues, the program illustrates the resilience of the Kosovars and their unremitting optimism that where they end up will be better than where they've been.


Title: KILLING MEMORY: BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA'S CULTURAL HERITAGE AND ITS DESTRUCTION
Code: VENGKILL01A
Format: VHS Year: 1994

41 min. Directed by András Riedlmayer. A slide lecture on video with stunning views of Bosnia-Herzegovina's artistic and cultural heritage, including the destructive results of the war.


Title: KOLO
Code: VBCSKOLO01A
Format: VHS Year: 1987

60 min. An ensemble of Yugoslavian national dances performed by the Yugoslav National Ballet. Can only be used with PAL SECAM videotape player.


Title: KOSOVO: OF BLOOD AND HISTORY
Code: VENGKOSO01A
Format: VHS Year: 1999

41 min. Produced by Films for the Humanities & Sciences. To fully understand the recent bloodshed in Kosovo, one must go back 600 years and trace the causes of the underlying hatreds that permeate Serbia and the surrounding region. Using eyewitness accounts, maps, and footage both of historic events and of Serbian life, this program examines the ethnic nationalism and religious extremism that has resulted in the long-standing hatred between Serbs and Kosovar Albanians - a hatred that continues to destabilize the Balkans during the Milosevic regime.


Title: THE MINORITY REPORT
Code: DENGMINO01A, DMULMINO01A
Format: DVD Year: 2007

52 min., English and Serbo-Croatian with English subtitles. Documentary, directed by Stefano Giantin. In June 1999, following the end of the three-months lasting NATO military campaign against Yugoslavia, the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) was established. UNMIK was the first peace- building operation ever based on the idea of an UN administration fully governing a post-conflict territory. During the first year of the establishment of UNMIK, over 240.000 members of minorities - mostly Serbs, Roma and Gorani - fled Kosovo. Hundreds of those who stayed, were killed, kidnapped or otherwise brutally persecuted for not belonging to the majority community. According to UNHCR, only around 15.000 IDPs returned to Kosovo until 2007. Those who return live in ghettoes dispersed through Kosovo. Threats, harassments and isolation are part of the daily life of the returnees.


Title: MODEL HOUSE
Code: DULMODE01A
Format: DVD-PAL Year: 2001

21 min. English and Serbian with English subtitles. Directed by Goran Radovanovic. MODEL HOUSE follows a Serbian cleaning woman who is a refugee from the Krajina region. Although she is grateful to be working, taking care of the homes of others reminds her of the home she lost during the war. Her narrative is juxtaposed with scenes from the NATO bombing, visuals of dingy refugee camps, excerpts from state television broadcasts spewing inane propaganda, and a voiceover of Milosevic intoning, among other things, "All must be sacrificed for the people, except the people." This is the story about an ex-Yugoslav refugee who wants to be what she once was: an ordinary woman with her own home.


Title: MY COUNTRY
Code: DMULMYCO01A
Format: DVD-PAL Year: 2000

24 min. English and Serbian with English subtitles. Directed by Goran Radovanovic. Serbia 1999: extreme poverty, corruption, authocracy, ethnic problems, NATO aggression, manipulation of the population through mass media controlled by the state and.hunger for democracy.


Title: RETURNING HOME: REVIVAL OF A BOSNIAN VILLAGE
Code: DENGRETU01A
Format: DVD-PAL Year: 2001

48 min. English and Bosnian-Croatian with English subtitles. Directed by Tone Bringa and Peter Loizos. Filmed between 1999 and 2001, RETURNING HOME documents the return of the internally displaced Muslims or Bosniaks to their homes seven years after being expelled from an ethnically mixed (Bosniak/Croat) village in central Bosnia. The film is a sequel to WE ARE ALL NEIGHBOURS, produced in 1993 by Granada Television in co-operation with Tone Bringa. The earlier film chronicles the breakdown in personal relationships between Muslims and Croats, and eventually the expulsion of the Muslim population, and the destruction of their homes by Croat (HVO) forces as war overtook the village of "Dolina." RETURNING HOME shows the how the dream of getting back to their village was a constant in the refugees' lives. Following some of the same families featured in the 1993 film, this film highlights the significant contribution of the United Nations (OHR), the European Union and foreign donors in making possible the returns to this village. Above all, however, it talk to the determination and will of the displaced villagers to rebuild their pre-war lives, and surprisingly shows how the Bosniak refugees found common understanding based on shared experience with Croat refugees who had taken over their homes.


Title: THE ROAD TO NOWHERE: YUGOSLAVIA
Code: VENGRODT01A
Format: VHS Year: 1994

50 min. Produced by Films for the Humanities & Sciences. This documentary uses the country's first highway, the Highway of Brotherhood and Unity, as a symbol for everything that has gone wrong in the former Yugoslavia. This highway has turned into a road "impassable for both Serb and Croat--a road to nowhere."


Title: ROMEO AND JULIET IN SARAJEVO
Code: VENGROME01A
Format: VHS Year: 1994

85 min. Produced by Frontline. Admira and Bosko, a Muslim and a Serb, died in each other's arms trying to escape Sarajevo, just yards away from freedom and safety.


Title: SARAJEVO: THE LIVING AND THE DEAD
Code: VENGFRON06A
Format: VHS Year: 1994

57 min. Produced by Frontline. Meet ordinary people living extraordinary lives. Discover the beauty that survives amidst the rubble in Sarajevo, the hope amidst the agony.


Title: SEARCHING FOR HOPE: SARAJEVO HAGGADAH
Code: DENGSEAR01A
Format: DVD Year: 1996

22 min. Produced by ABC News. Somewhere in war-torn Sarajevo lies a manuscript worth a million dollars, the “Sarajevo Haggadah”. There are many copies of this book, but the whereabouts of the original are shrouded in rumors. A haggadah is used every Passover to tell the story of the exodus from Egypt. Around 1350, a wealthy Jewish family in Barcelona commissioned this particular haggadah. Known to be the first Jewish book of the Middle Ages with pictorial decorations, it was enjoyed by the family for about 40 years until anti-Jewish riots swept Barcelona. One family grabbed it, but what happened to it after that?


Title: SERBIA: NATION OF NEW BEGINNINGS
Code: DENGSERB01A
Format: DVD Year: 2008

27 min, English. Directed and narrated by Judy O’Bannon. An episode of Judy O’Bannon’s Foreign Exchange, “Serbia: A Nation of New Beginnings” takes viewers to fascinating places around the world and introduces them to people who are finding new ways to use mind, body, and spirit to help change their world for the better. Serbia’s story is one of turmoil and uncertainty that seems, at first, far removed from the lives we live here in Indiana. But as Judy O’Bannon discovered when she went to Serbia, the basic needs and desires that shape us—Serb or Hoosier—are universal, and we can see ourselves in their experiences. Judy led a delegation from Ambassadors for Children to Serbia, at the invitation of the Crown Prince and Princess of Yugoslavia, who have recently repatriated to their homeland. The hope of the royalty is shared by Serbians: to make a transition from their war-torn past to become a peaceful, prosperous part of mainstream Europe.


Title: THE SHUTKA BOOK OF RECORDS
Code: DMACSHUT01A
Format: DVD Year: 2005

77 min., Macedonian with English subtitles. Directed by Aleksandar Manic. This documentary celebrates the idiosyncratic characters that make up Shutka, a small Macedonian town which is home to the largest Roma (Gypsy) community in the world. Its fiercely combative inhabitants compete to have the biggest cassette collection, most suits, strongest gander, fastest dove, and the sweetest canary. They also declare they have seen the scariest vampire, are the most sophisticated, and are possessed by the most determined genie. We meet tattooed Uncle Muzo, who compiles the first Roma dictionary and composes love songs; Cousins Jasha and Didara, who both specialize in exorcising evil genies; and Uncle Suljo, the satellite dish selling vampire hunter; some of a host of fascinating oddball characters. Still steeped in their superstitious culture, their love of competition, music and laughter is beautifully captured in the cheerful interviews of our irreverent guide, Doctor Koljo. Though located in one of the poorest regions of Europe, Shutka is a place nobody apparently wants to leave.


Title: TRUTH UNDER SEIGE
Code: VENGTRUT01A
Format: VHS Year: 1994

68 min. Directed by Leslie Asako Gladsjø and Nathalie Borgers. This feature-length documentary chronicles the heroic efforts of independent journalists in Serbia, Croatia, and Bosnia who resist the nationalist propaganda put forth in the official media. Their struggle for the democratic ideal of a free press is waged with courage, irreverence, and often rebellious glee. Despite siege conditions, sanctions and government repression, these individual provide voices of sanity amid the hysteria of war.


Title: DISAPPEARING WORLD: WE ARE ALL NEIGHBORS: BOSNIA
Code: VRUSWEAR01A, DENGDISW01A
Format: VHS Year: 1993

52 min., English. Produced and directed by Deborah Christie. In a Muslim/Catholic village near Sarajevo, rumors fly and suspicions spread. When Catholic Croats assert control, Muslim businesses are attacked, villagers arrested and harassed, and homes threatened. Three weeks later, neighbors who had been close friends for 50 years no longer speak to each other, and the peaceful coexistence between Croats and Muslims disintigrates into mutual distrust and fear.


Title: WHAT WE HAVE AT STAKE IN THE BALKANS
Code: VENGWHAT01A
Format: VHS Year: 1999

27 min. Pro and Con episode taped at Indiana University. President Myles Brand interviews Bernd Fischer (IPFW), Dina Spechler (IU), Francine Friedman (Ball State), and former Congressman Frank McCloskey.


Title: WHILE AMERICA WATCHED: THE BOSNIA TRAGEDY
Code: VENGWHIL01A
Format: VHS Year: 1991

47 min. Peter Jennings narrates from the beginnings of troubles in 1992 between the Serbs, Muslims, and Croats. Several figures who first sought out aid from the United States speak out, citing atrocities such as widespread genocide and Serbian death camps.


Title: YUGOSLAVIA: THE AVOIDABLE WAR
Code: DENGYUGO01A, VENGYGSV01A-03A
Format: DVD, VHS Year: 2002

180 min. Produced by George Bogdanich and Martin Lettmayer. This documentary presents a history of the breakup of Yugoslavia, including the fascist antecedents of many separatist elements, and the role of German and US intelligence in arming and training them today. It examines the secession of Croatia and Slovenia from Yugoslavia, their swift recognition by Germany, and the ethnic strife that unleashed; the civil war in Bosnia, including the atrocities (real and imagined) of Muslims, Croats and Serbs, and manipulation of same in the media; US support for Croatian forces and Operation Storm in the Krajina; US support for Bosnian Muslim forces and the prolonging of the Bosnian war; the nature of the Dayton settlement; the onset of the war in Kosovo. It presents a devastating critique of US and European (notably German) policy, from interviews with sources such as Hans-Dietrich Genscher (former German FM), Lord Peter Carrington (former UK FM), David Owen (UK diplomat), George Kenney, Lawrence Eagleburger and James Baker (ex-US State Dept), James Jatras (US Senate foreign policy staffer), Susan Woodward (Brookings Institution), Nora Beloff (late UK historian), David Binder (NY Times), John MacArthur (Harper's), David Hackworth (Newsweek), UN forces commanders Lewis Mackenzie and Michael Rose; and numerous others.


Title: YUGOSLAVIA: DEATH OF A NATION
Code: VENGYGSL01A, 02A, 03A
Format: VHS Year: 1995

250 min. Discovery Channel series of five episodes hosted by Christiane Amanpour.


Title: YUGOSLAVIA BEFORE THE FALL
Code: VENGYUGO01A
Format: VHS Year: 1994

29 min. Produced by Films for Humanities & Sciences. Termed "the ideal introduction" to the current situation in the former Yugoslavia, this program examines the history and people of the fragile federation of Serbs, Croats, Bosnians, Montenegrans, Macedonians, and Slovenians. By looking at the history of this federation, the current situation can be truly understood.


Title: YUGOSLAVIA: ORIGINS OF A WAR
Code: VENGYUGS01A
Format: VHS Year: 1992

60 min. Directed by Christophe Talczewski. This film examines the conflict in Yugoslavia from the beginning of the twentieth century with the creation of Yugoslavia, the second World War, and the arrival of Tito. The program continues, outlining the rise of nationalism in the early 1980s, the outbreak of civil war, and the destruction of the state of Yugoslavia.


Title: YUGOSLAVIA: THE SUMMER OF 1953
Code: VENGYGSA01A
Format: VHS Year: 1986

40 min. Produced by Pennsylvania State University. This video is based on the film photography of Dr. Thomas F. Magner, who traveled extensively through Yugoslavia in 1953. It features folk dances, folk customs such as the making of rakija (brandy), rural life, and other facets of folk culture.


 

Title: FOREST OF VALOR
Code: VENGFORE01A
Format: VHS Year: 1989

52 min., English. Produced by Israel Educational TV. This film documents the story of the Jews, who fought the German army in the Rudniki and Nalibuki forests of Eastern Europe, during World War II. Previously inaccessible to cameras, the forests unfold their secrets. Rare footage, obtained from the restricted archives of the former Soviet military museums explores the partisan's hiding places and discloses their weapon caches. The Israeli camera team exposes the dark and damp labyrinth of sewage canals beneath Vilna, through which the underground fighters made their escape from the Ghetto. Filmed for the first time is the "Ninth Fort," a prison which served as a center for the mass murder of Jews.


Title: GYPSIES AND FREEDOM TO HATE

Code: VENGGYPS01A

Format: VHS Year: 2002

Ironically, the Gypsies or Roma of Eastern Europe, a people historically persecuted, were protected under the communist system; the disintegration of that system has opened the floodgates of a repressed hatred. In this program, ABC News correspondent Chris Bury looks at an age-old prejudice that has resurfaced in such countries as Hungary and the Czech Republic. Inheriting a legacy of discrimination and even slavery, the Roma, as this profile shows, are an ethnic group with the lowest education levels and highest welfare rates in Europe.


Title: The Holocaust: In Memory of Millions

Code:  VENGHOLO01A

Format: VHS Year: 1994

From the halls of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, veteran journalist Walter Cronkite chronicles the entire story of the Holocaust - from the rise of the Nazi party and their plan to exterminate the Jewish people, to tales of incredible bravery among Holocaust survivors and those who liberated the concentration camps. This documentary combines original footage and personal photographs with oral histories by those who survived. In addition, Elie Wiesel, Nobel laureate and Auschwitz survivor, recounts his experiences and the significance of this living memorial.


Title: Masters of Animation Volume 3: USSR, Yugoslavia, Poland, and Hungary

Code: VENGMAST01A

Format: VHS Year: 1986

Over 10 years in the making, Masters of Animation represents the peak achievements of 7,000 artists from 13 countries.

USSR: With some 25 studios spread over its territory, the USSR has a long tradition of animated filmmaking. The work of such artists as Ivanov-Vano, Atamanov, Vinokurov, Shvartzman, Kurchevsky, and Norstein exhibits a remarkable variety of animated styles.

Yugoslavia: In the past few decades Zagreb film has become one of the most active centers of European animation. Interviews by Vukotiv, Stalter, Dragic and Dovnikovic and works by Majdak and Gasparovic illustrate the diversity of Yugoslavian animation.

Poland:  In Poland animated programs are popular for all ages. Works by Giersz, Kijowicz, Kucia, Dumala and Szczechura illustrate the skill and humor with which Polish artists carry out their themes.

Hungary: The widely diverse styles of Hungarian animation artists have produced many animated feature films. These works are represented by Macskassy, Dargay, Nepp, Varga, Rofusz, Reisenbuchler, Jankovics and Gemes.


Title: The Wall Comes Down

Code: VENGWALL01A

Format: VHS Year: 1990

A documentary on the Cold War


Title: WHOSE IS THIS SONG?
Code: DMULWHOS01A
Format: DVD Year: 2003

50 min., Bulgarian, Turkish, Greek, Albanian, Bosnian, Macedonian, Serbian with English subtitles. Directed by Adela Peeva. In her search for the true origins of a haunting melody, the filmmaker travels to Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia, Serbia, and Bulgaria. The trip is filled with humor, suspense, tragedy and surprise as each country’s citizens passionately claim the song to be their own and can even furnish elaborate histories for its origins. The tune emerges again and again in different forms: as a love song, a religious hymn, a revolutionary anthem, and even a military march. The powerful emotions and stubborn nationalism raised by one song seem at times comical and other times eerily telling. In a region besieged by ethnic hatred and war, what begins as a light-hearted investigation ends as a sociological and historical exploration of the deep misunderstandings between the people of the Balkans.